Who? Well, she’s the maternal grandmother of Henry Tudor. In the great scheme of things John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset could have looked for a more prestigious marriage but he’d been a prisoner of the french for seventeen years and was hugely indebted on account of the ransom that had to be paid for his release.
Margaret, the daughter of Baron Beauchamp, was something of an heiress. He brother had died young and without children. She married Sir Oliver St John who fathered several children and then died in France as a result of being involved in the Hundred Years War freeing Margaret up to marry the Duke of Somerset who was swiftly got his new bride pregnant and went back to fighting the French. A girl child duly arrived called Margaret. The day before little Margaret Beaufort’s first birthday which fell on the 31 May 1444 her father died, in all probability by his own hand as a result of not doing terribly well in his campaign against the French.
Margaret Beauchamp widowed for a second time now spent three years without a husband at her home in Bletsoe where her daughter seems to have enjoyed a brief but happy childhood amongst her five half-siblings although she was given in wardship to William de la Pole, Earl -later Duke- of Suffolk. History isn’t entirely sure when Margaret Beaufort left her mother’s care although we do know that Margaret Beaufort remained loyal to her wider St John family throughout her life. We also know that Suffolk arranged for his ward to marry his own son only for the whole house of cards to come tumbling down when Henry VI became involved, ordered Margaret Beauchamp to bring her daughter to court in 1453 and gave Margaret who was a significant heiress as a bride to his own half-brother despite the fact that the child was already married to John de la Pole. This childhood marriage was swiftly annulled and Margaret Beaufort always spoke of her marriage to Edmund Tudor as her first marriage.
Margaret Beauchamp married for a third time to one Lionel, Lord Welles who managed to survive longer than husbands one and two but who carelessly got himself killed at the Battle of Towton in 1461.
Lord Welles was a supporter of Margaret Beauchamp’s brother-in-law Edmund Beaufort (now Duke of Somerset – the one rumour said may have fathered Margaret of Anjou’s son rather than Henry VI). Lionel was part of the extended Clifford and Greystoke families for those who like a northern link. He was also an unsuccessful Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and served as deputy Lieutenant for Calais on behalf of Edmund Beaufort who got himself killed in 1455 at the First Battle of St Albans.
We know very little else about Margaret Beauchamp except that she had a book of hours because it passed into the hands of her daughter Margaret Beaufort. It is often referenced in texts because of Margaret Beaufort’s habit of annotating it. Double click on the image at the start of this post to open the British Library page with information about the Beaufort/Beauchamp Book of Hours.
Margaret Beauchamp of Bletsoe died in 1482 and was buried in Wimbourne Minster – so we also have a good idea what she may have looked like from her effigy which lays alongside that of her second husband – John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset.
Jones, Michael K. and Underwood, Malcolm G. (1993) The King’s Mother: Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Richmond and Derby: that’s interesting Alan Rufus we all known founded Richmond, and his good friend Walter d’Aincourt owned property in Derby during Edward the Confessor’s reign.
During William I’s reign onwards, products of the Midlands used to travel down river to Lincolnshire’s international port, Boston (which Alan built). Walter was a landholder in Lincoln and his son William was buried there. William d’Aincourt’s lead burial plaque survives and states that he was “of royal descent”. Walter wasn’t, so Trevor Foulds suggested that his mother Matilda may have been the mysterious “Matilda, daughter of the King” from Domesday Book and a couple of charters.
“Matilda, daughter of William I” is memorialised at St Nicaise in Meulan on the Seine, the lords of which were Beaumont ancestors of Margaret Beauchamp. The first Earls of Leicester and Warwick were the brothers Robert (c.1049-1118) and Henry (c.1050-1119) de Beaumont. (Like Alan, with whom they were allied, they were more generous than most “Normans” to the English.) D’Aincourt is just a few km uphill of Meulan in the Vexin forest; St Nicaise would have been its parish church.