Medieval Halls

DSC_0204Until about 1600 halls were large official rooms rather than private spaces.  Gainsborough Old Hall is the advent for December 2nd.  It’s a wonderful building constructed from timber frame and brick.  It was built by Thomas Burgh who inherited the manor of Gainsborough in 1455 – so just as the Wars of the Roses was kicking off.  Thomas’s father had done rather well from the Hundred Years War and had married into the Percy family to improve their social standing.  It was his marriage into the Party family that bought Gainsborough into the Burgh’s possession.

Historians believe that the hall and kitchen were built first from timber in the traditional manner with a cruck frame and wattle and daub. The brick was added later when the Burgh family wanted new ways of showing off their wealth.  The great hall is constructed from huge oak beams.  Originally there would have been a central fire.  The smoke escaped through a louvred frame in the roof – so more kippering.  The raised dais where the lord and his family sat was at the opposite end of the room from the cooking  and service areas which were accessed through three doors.  Evidence of the screen hiding these doors can still be seen in the wall above the door frames.

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Thomas was a Yorkist so found that his position in society was further established.  He became Sheriff of Lincoln as well as one of the Esquires to the Body of Edward IV.    He celebrated his new position by marrying a wealthy widow.

Thomas continued to be loyal to Edward in 1469 when the Earl of Warwick rebelled against Edward’s lordship and then during the so-called Re-Adaptation of Henry VI.  In fact it was Thomas who was one of the Yorkists who helped Edward escape his foes in 1471.

Richard III  visited the hall on the way from York to London on October 10th 1483.  The owner of the time Sir Thomas Burgh  was the same chap who’d commissioned the building in the first place and who had demonstrated his loyalty to the Yorkist cause throughout the period.  A week previously Henry Tudor had attempted to sail from Brittany with a fleet to invade at his mother’s behest.  He was forced to turn back leaving the duke of Buckingham to rise in rebellion agains this former friend Richard III.  Buckingham would be executed in Salisbury at the beginning of November and Edward V’s coronation postponed for the last time.

However, something went seriously awry between the House of York and the Burgh family because Thomas turned his coat and by 1485 was a supporter of Henry Tudor. As a result of his support of the Tudors, Thomas was elevated once again becoming Baron Gainsborough.

Sir Thomas’s heir, Edward was loyal to the Tudors as well but suffered from inherited mental health problems meaning that a younger son also called Thomas became the head of the family.  This particular Lord Burgh was Anne Boleyn’s chamberlain and sat as part of the jury at her trial. His son, another Edward, was Katherine Parr’s first husband. They married in 1529 but by 1533 he was dead.

Katherine Howard.jpg Henry VIII visited the hall with wife number five- the ill fated Katherine Howard.

It’s unusual to find an untampered medieval hall simply because later owners added extensions and made alterations to suit their own needs. I must admit that I rather liked the Henry VIII and his wife dolls scattered around the hall – a couple of whom are pictured here and its not often you can trot around corridors that cover such a fascinating period of history from start to finish.

Katherine Parr Henry VIII

4 Comments

Filed under Fifteenth Century, Queens of England, Sixteenth Century, The Plantagenets, The Tudors

4 responses to “Medieval Halls

  1. Sir Kevin Parr , Baronet.

    Thank you for the articles dear lady.Kate Parr comes up more often than the men in my family. Baron Parr buried in Kendal Parish church is interesting having law suit suit against him for cutting down John Haigh a court official for upsetting him. Seems William Parr was born in Lancashire as son of Lord Sefton or Derby. If that is fact he somehow had King Edward 111 rescue him after court in Kentdale, now Kendal had him arrested for murder. Then he quick as Jack Flash became head Baron over all the men who had accused him. He was related to De Talboise and took stone from that Beastbanks castle to build the one we see today that was the gift to the towns people from my great great grandfather .Suddenly back came to people who were the same as William faced and took it off the town into Council hands. Councils are businesses in the cloak of local Government.I want far more information of Sir William Parr other than he was a soldier at Crecy and cousin to the King? Lots of loop holes in this story of him. Amazing escapes and full protection it seems. The other Parr clan have much more than you could research in a life time and may connect you to more Royals as one reads through. Nevile Percy Wolstenholme and More. Lots to talk over what?

  2. kathryn elliott

    Thank you a lovely write up ,thank you too for noticing and liking the dolls on display,they were hand made by my late mother Vina Cooke,a well known doll maker from Newark,they are on loan from the family.

  3. Tanguy

    I think that early November was the latest date to which Edward V’s coronation had been postponed, rather than the date it was postponed.

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