John of Gaunt owned more than thirty castles – many came though his marriage to Blanche of Lancaster, others came by gift from his father Edward III. One of them, Liddel Strength, sitting on the banks of the River Liddel, quite close to the wonderfully named village of Moat in Cumbria, went through assorted hands until it came into the ownership of the Earls of Kent – John the 3rd Earl of Kent died in 1352. He was twenty-two. He died without children and his titles passed to his sister Joan.
Joan became the 4th Countess of Kent and Baroness Wake. History, on the other hand, knows Joan as the Fair Maid of Kent. Thomas Holland who married her secretly ultimately became the Earl of Kent when Joan extracted herself from a second bigamous marriage that her family had imposed upon her.
All of which was rather unnecessary in this post because John, Earl of Kent passed the castle to Edward III pictured at the start of this post who in turned passed it to John of Gaunt in 1357 after he had proved his martial ability. However, given that the Scots had destroyed the castle in 1346 and behaved rather unpleasantly to the chap responsible for the castle – one Sir Walter de Selby who according to one source was forced to watch two his his sons being strangled prior to his own beheading.
The castle was never rebuilt despite the fact that the area was prone to Scottish raiding given its position on the border. Edward III’s plan seems to have been that John should become a northern magnate and the lordship gave him the necessary political importance in the region. Edward was also in the middle of negotiations with King David of Scotland — so a handily placed son was not to be sneezed at in the eventuality of a substitution being required.
Certainly in the 1370s when the intermittent Anglo-Scottish war broke out once more Gaunt went north on Richard II’s behalf with the intention of ending them and had placed the Percy family in a position of greater power than ever on the borders by giving the earl of Northumberland the powers necessary to levy forces from across the marches to repel a Scottish army.
The title to the Lordship would pass to Henry of Bolingbroke in 1380.
He died bankrupt owing to his own nephew Richard 11.Henry Bollingbroke my man made sure revenge brought Richard down. History says he died of starvation in Pontefract castle. The real truth is more like he had his brains kicked in. Mind you five minutes is a long long time in that place
Richard the Second was King and should never have been deposed.
It just goes to show how tenuous power can be. Also Henry was no less royal than Richard and there was definately a view that grew that it was the blood not the person. The rights and wrongs of it are of course a matter for hindsight.