Charles Lucas was one of Margaret Cavendish’s brothers. An anti-Royalist mob sacked their home in 1642. This was when Madge was sent off to Oxford to live with her sister. She gained a place as one of Henrietta Maria’s ladies in waiting and went into exile with her.
Charles meanwhile as a younger brother was Cambridge educated but expected to make his own way in the world. Like so many other younger sons he spent much of the 1630s on the Continent fighting in the Thirty Years War. When Charles I declared war on the Scots in 1638, Charles returned home to fight in the so-called Bishop’s War. He commanded a troop of horse under his brother Sir John Lucas’s command. As a consequence he was knighted by the king and for those of you who like a Yorkshire link was made Governor of Richmond in 1639. During the civil war itself Charles was part of Prince Rupert’s cavalry. Later he transferred to the army of the Marquis of Newcastle – who Charles’ sister Madge would marry in 1645 in exile in Paris.
Eventually in 1646 Charles was taken prisoner at the Battle of Stow-On-The-Wold. He gave his parole to Sir Thomas Fairfax that he would lay down his arms and go home.
Lucas went back on his word in June 1648 when Lord Goring, fresh from the rebellion in Kent, arrived in East Anglia. Lucas occupied his home town, Colchester, in the name of the King. The intention was to raise support in East Anglia but instead of which Thomas Fairfax surrounded Colchester and settled in for a siege. Things were somewhat complicated by the fact that Fairfax absolutely refused to negotiate with Lucas – who had broken his parole. Lucas was executed – by firing squad (a fact which I couldn’t remember this morning.) He and Lord Lisle were excluded from the terms that ended the siege because they had gone back on their words. This may not have been strictly legal. His tomb states that he was barbarously murdered. The portrait of Sir Charles Lucas at the start of this post can be found in Colchester Castle.
I have posted abut the Siege of Colchester before. That post can be found here: https://thehistoryjar.com/tag/charles-lucas/