In 1378 Westminster Abbey had to be closed for several months after an unfortunate interlude. Murder had been done in the choir and John of Gaunt was implicated. It didn’t help his reputation as the abbey had to be reconsecrated.
The back story is important. Two knights called Schakell and Hawle or Hauley had taken a Spanish Count prisoner whilst fighting with the Black Prince during the Hundred Years War – the capture took place in 1367 at the Battle of Najera. A ransom was required for the release of the Count of Denia from Aragon. This was normal procedure and one of the reasons why going to war was so popular as men were able to make a fortune on the battlefield by capturing wealthy men. The Count was allowed to return to Spain to organise the ransom but had to leave his son, Alphonso, as a hostage. Ten years later Alphonso, who was the count’s eldest son was still in England.
Unfortunately for Schakell and Robert Hawle, who was actually Schakell’s squire John of Gaunt was negotiating for the Crown of Castile. The fact that a Spanish noble was being held hostage until his pa sent back large sums of cash was not good press. Pressure was applied. Remember this was only a year after Richard II had become king. John’s power whilst not absolute was non the less impressive.
The two knights refused to release their prisoner. John had them arrested and sent to the Tower of London to focus their minds. They managed to escape from the Tower and fled to Westminster Abbey where they claimed sanctuary.
You can probably see where this is going. Sanctuary was ignored by a group of by the Constable of the Tower, Alan Boxhall. Schakell was captured but Hawle and a monk were murdered in the Choir. All of which sounds as though it was a mad chase through the street and an action which took place in the heat of the moment.
Unfortunately a royal letter made its way to the Abbot of Westminster demanding that Schakell and Hawle be handed over. The abbot refused. And that’s when the Constable made his move – so not the heat of the moment. And he didn’t go with a few men. He took fifty men into the abbey.
The upshot of this was that Bloxhall and all who were involved were excommunicated apart from the young Richard II, his mother Joan of Kent and of course John of Gaunt which seems a bit rich as it’s not a wild leap of deduction to work out who the plan’s mastermind might have been.